Roget’s 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition, lists fifty-nine synonyms for “say.” You can declare, assert, and reply; announce, communicate, and utter. So many lovely words to choose from in order to say the same thing!
Do this right now: Take a Sharpie and mark out every single one of these synonyms. Because “say” and its forms are quite sufficient for most dialogue.
Here, for example, is a passage of dialogue from Orson Scott Card’s Ender’s Game.
”Ho Dink,” Ender said. “Sit.”
”You gold-plated fart,” said Dink cheerfully. “We’re all trying to decide whether your scores up there are a miracle or a mistake.”
”A habit,” said Ender.
”One victory is not a habit,” Dink said.
The passage goes on, using “said” each time the speaker is quoted. Why didn’t Card mix it up with some declarations, assertions, and communications? Because “say” is a lot like an, and, a, and the. Readers don’t notice the word when it’s used, so it doesn’t get in the way of the flow of the story. In fact, in journalism classes, students are taught to stick to “said” for just this reason.
Let’s see the same passage with a few synonyms replacing “said.”
”Ho Dink,” Ender greeted him. “Sit.”
”You gold-plated fart,” responded Dink cheerfully. “We’re all trying to decide whether your scores up there are a miracle or a mistake.”
”A habit,” replied Ender.
”One victory is not a habit,” Dink rebutted him.
Do you notice those dialogue tags? I certainly do; I trip over them every time.
Try this experiment: take any well-written, contemporary novel, and check out a passage of dialogue. I’m willing to bet you’ll see the dialogue tag “said” used most of the time. And if it’s good enough for those writers, it’ll probably do just fine for you, too.